Babies Learning Speech
Infants are uniquely attuned to perceive the various sounds they hear in their environment. Some researchers suggest that babies are pre-programmed to learn speech since the acquisition process occurs so rapidly. The first sounds that infants acquire are the sounds which are universal to all languages. Although infants can perceive a vast range of speech sounds (i.e., phonemes) within a language, they cannot, however, produce the same range. The reason is that the structure of an infant’s mouth, throat and tongue is not sufficiently developed to allow him the range of movement to produce specific sounds. The earliest sounds are usually vowels or vowel-like productions. At six months, the baby produces and may even repeat syllable sequences initiating a babbling period used by the infant to express communicative intentions. Phonemes that are unique to the native language are acquired later along with the more difficult sound productions. Sound combinations such as /Ma-Ma and Da-Da/ are acquired early on while the more difficult sound productions including /L, R, S/ are acquired by children much later (i.e., 7 to 9 years of age).
Over 40 days and counting since the Senate and Assembly leadership waived the white flag on any hope of an on-time budget for New York State. In that time, six budget extenders have come to the floor and I have voted no on every one. In the absence of any real negotiation, I will continue to vote no on this band-aid approach to budgeting.
I have said it before and I will say it again, New York State is suffering from a lack of leadership. Senate Leader Sampson is not talking with Assembly Speaker Silver and neither is willing to talk to Governor Paterson. Their total lack of urgency on the budget is appalling. Their inaction has reduced my budgeting power to voting no on budget extenders.
I agree wholeheartedly with community leader Katie Seiden that Sea Cliff does not need or want cell towers. For some reason, the present board led by Mayor Bruce Kennedy does not seem to match the grit and determination displayed by the previous board of former mayor Eileen Krieb, which in 2006 banned all cell phone companies from considering Sea Cliff as a prospective site for their towers.
At the May 10 village board meeting, Mayor Kennedy answered dozens of questions from concerned residents about having a cell tower in their midst. Most of the audience of approximately 40 people were residents of the southernmost end of Sea Cliff, bounded by Altamont Avenue and Cromwell Place.
In order to train hard and stay motivated year round, here are some suggestions for the athlete, fitness enthusiast or beginner.
1) Familiarize yourself with the benefits of exercise. We are more motivated to do things that we'll benefit from. Knowing exercise improves both physical and mental health can motivate people to continue it. The more we benefit, the more motivated we are.
2) Create your "reasons list." Keep a piece of paper and pen handy for a couple of days. Jot down EVERY reason you can think of that you want to get healthy/get fit/lose weight through consistent exercise. Real life examples include: improve health, look good, improve athletic performance and prevent heart disease. Also, exercise creates more energy to spend quality time with one’s family.
3) Exercise with a friend. Statistics tell us that people who exercise with a friend are more successful at exercising consistently. You can keep each other accountable. Knowing that someone is waiting for you to exercise with them can be great motivation to show up and get it done!
4) Try to exercise first thing in the morning, every morning. Our bodies were made to be active on a daily basis, and when we are, all sorts of positive things happen. People who exercise six to seven days in a week first thing in the morning are much more successful at exercising consistently than those who do it twice a day. It doesn't have to be a huge workout everyday. Get out there and take a 30-minute walk.
5) Train for a local walk or run in your area. This can be great motivation to exercise on a regular basis. I've seen many people transformed from sedentary beings to lean exercisers because they decided to enter and train for a competition. Don't think you can't do it...YOU CAN!
6) Reward yourself! Aside from the obvious health benefits, you may try the biggest loser type motivator, whereby if you meet a certain goal you can allow yourself that special reward.
7) Keep records. Write down your exercise time (minutes) each day. Keep a running total for the month and year. Calculate your average exercise time per day. Set some lofty goals and try to attain them.
We have all seen athletes who lose their composure. It’s safe to say with the exception of a John McEnroe or a few others, anger does little to help one’s performance. For many athletes controlling emotions are a difficult task. Take the pitcher who throws at a batter’s head, the hockey player who draws a senseless penalty or the football player who gets unnecessary roughness calls. All in all, controlling one’s emotions can prove valuable in one’s athletic performance.
Controlling your emotions begins with a deliberate decision to keep composure and emotional restraint at all times. You should be very mindful of your feelings in every situation whether it is euphoric or sorrowful. You should avoid the belief that people are entitled to lose control in special occasions or that people have the right to let out their emotions in specific circumstances. You should stop adhering to the belief that athletes are just humans that are entitled to lose composure.
In attempting to obtain emotional control the athlete should understand that emotion is actually dependent on one’s behavior and not the other way around. To put it simply, you feel sad because you realize that you are frowning, contrary to the popular notion that you frown because you realize that you are sad. In social psychology, it has been discovered behavior influences emotions, and not the other way around. Therefore, a 20-yard roughing the passer penalty can set a lineman off into major anger. With this key information at hand, you are empowered with the ability to influence feelings by modifying behavior.
A common cause of emotional outbursts is having problems. Oftentimes, when people are faced with difficulties, they react by panicking or by being angry. However, these are not solutions to the initial problem - they are sources of problems themselves. When you are in a state of panic or in a fit of anger, your mind is clouded with emotions so that the situation is not seen clearly. This does make it harder to think of concrete solutions to the problem being dealt with. Whenever a problem comes, instead of immediately throwing tantrums or pacing restlessly, you should stop, breathe, and evaluate the entirety of the circumstance. This way, the problem can be viewed in a clearer perspective, and solutions may be thought out more logically. For example, if you strike out in baseball or softball, go directly to the bench, take a deep breath and use previously discussed visualization skills to see what needs to be corrected.
One very valuable tool in emotional control is the ability to pause. While there are no pause and play buttons in real life, people have the capability to stop themselves, and take a break in certain situations that usually cause emotional outbursts. Before shouting and screaming out of a disappointing occurrence, you should first take a break to think and reflect. Pausing in itself is a form of emotional control. At this point, you can think if letting go of the emotions is indeed necessary. You should also think of the consequences that the emotional explosion would entail. If the emotions involved in the situation are too strong to withhold, you can think of reasonable emotional expressions such as clenching your teeth instead of screaming when you are upset, or smiling instead of jumping around when you are elated.
The problem with most people who are unable to control their emotions is that they dwell too much on the present situation. It is undeniable that the height of emotions experienced in certain circumstances could be overwhelming. However, these are also the times when you are vulnerable to do things that you might regret later on. To avoid this, it is important to examine how things would go in the future.
Emotional control is indeed difficult to master. But with will power and determination, it can be achieved. You just have to be aware that emotions do not really have the power to overcome people. On the contrary, people have the ability to watch over their emotions and control them to what they think is necessary.
I’d like to extend my utmost appreciation and thanks to the Glen Cove community, including the district administrators, GCTA, all district employees and the GC PTA for all your efforts in helping to pass this year’s school budget. Even though this was one of the lowest budget increases in many years, without all of your support, this would not have had such a positive outcome. This has been and continues to be a difficult and tumultuous economic year, and next year might be just as difficult as well. Our school district and all government agencies must manage with great fiscal prudence, offering the best educational opportunities for all of its students - and the voters showed their ongoing support for this Board with the passage of this budget.
The recent Sea Cliff Village public meeting with mayor Bruce Kennedy and trustees was packed with residents questioning the decision of the Board to reopen the alarming possibility of a cell tower on Altamont Avenue – again.
Quality public education is the lifeblood of democracy. The oxygen that nourishes democracy’s lifeblood is money. Take away the money and public education and democracy suffer. All over the world, the most ruthlessly totalitarian countries and societies, and those most plagued by all manner of fundamentalism, tribalism and violence have the most uneducated populations.
For years, powerful, self-serving interests—unregulated corporations and investment companies, and the politicians who are beholden to them—have siphoned off our country’s wealth, our collective oxygen. Their greed and abysmal stewardship of our collective wealth have plunged the U.S. and most of the world into a very deep and dangerous recession, leaving most ordinary people gasping for air.
After many months of working together with the administration and community the Glen Cove Board of Education voted to adopt the proposed 2010-2011 school budget, which represents a commitment to continued student success and ongoing long-range fiscal responsibility. Thanks to the continued support of the community, student achievement is at an all-time high in the classroom, on the stage, and on the playing field. The Board of Education is very proud of the progress that has been made and believes the proposed budget will provide the funding needed to continue to support the district’s goals.
As a new member of the North Shore School Board, and as an economist, I welcome the opportunity to respond to board of education candidate Paul Echausse’s critique of the board’s planning. In particular Mr. Echausse is upset that the board did not take into account “the fact” that recessions come around like clockwork once every eight years. To avoid cutbacks in lean years, he argues, the board should have saved in fat years.
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