The recent political chatter about “Obamacare” before the Supreme Court of the United States got a great deal of media attention. President Obama added fuel to the fire when he declared, “Ultimately, I am confident the Supreme Court will not take what would be an unprecedented, extraordinary step of overturning a law that was passed by a strong majority of a democratically elected Congress.”
For someone who was a law professor those words were absurd. Even if a bill passed unanimously in the house and senate, it could still be overturned – if the law was in violation of the Constitution.
Cutting taxes on those whose dreams have already come true does not create good jobs. Growing a healthy economy creates good jobs, and you cannot have a healthy economy in which a vast majority are losing ground or are barely holding on, or are just worrying about next month.
Biologists and naturalists conduct experiments in resource scarcity and competition using yeast, paramecium, flour beetles and other little animals. Behaviors change, relationships change, levels of ferocity change. A series of recently published surveys show that one third or less of Americans trust their fellow citizens in everyday interactions. As social trust deteriorates, so does a willingness to work for a common good. I am hopeful that Americans will handle things better than the flour beetle, but we need to hold it together and keep our perspective.
Federal, state and city lawmakers have the power to reduce the region’s traffic congestion while also promoting mass transit. If the past is prologue, they will decline to use it.
Congress, for instance, has until the end of this month to extend a law allowing mass transit users (e.g., bus, subway, commuter rail) to use up to $245 in pre-tax dollars toward their monthly commute. The federal government already allows $245 in pre-tax dollars to be used by drivers each month for their parking expenses, a figure which will increase to $250 on Jan. 1, 2014. The monthly pre-tax limit for transit users will fall to $130 on New Year’s Day should Congress fail to act on this matter by year-end 2013, something which happened in late 2011. D.C.’s inaction left transit users at a competitive disadvantage to drivers in 2012.
Written by Robert McMillan Friday, 16 March 2012 00:00
In the last several years, I have not read a book as fascinating and as enlightening as, What Went Wrong? The book written by Bernard Levis, an eminent authority on Middle Eastern history, is a professor at Princeton University.
The book starts with the founding of the Islam religion by Mohammed in the 7th century and really covers history through the terrorist attacks on 9/11. What I found so intriguing was the dominance of Islam from 900 to 1700 around the world. The dominance was not only in terms of military power which spread Islam over much of Africa, the Middle East and parts of Europe, but Muslims were dominant in terms of economic power and arts and science during that entire period. If you doubt that, just remember that Christians lost in the efforts to takeover the Middle East during the Crusades.
As I read the book, it became clear to me that Islam failed to adjust to modern times. Swords could no longer win battles against cannons, rifles, and explosives, and even clocks were avoided in the Muslim world until late in the 1700s. During the 15th and 16th centuries Islam comprised three empires: Eastern Europe and Western Asia, northern Africa and modern Iran, and the Indian subcontinent. It is just amazing to review the extent of Islam’s reach compared with the reality of today.
It was not until the middle of the 19th Century that the Ottoman army was capable of defeating any one European country in war. But as the Ottoman Empire fell behind in naval power and technology, Europe surpassed the Ottomans.
It was also interesting for me to note that Islam, in the early period, accepted Jews and Christians in its communities. There was respect for other religions, but then things started to get out of hand. One of the most recent examples of this relates to the case of a Christian Pastor in Iran who was found guilty of “apostasy” – the renunciations of religious faith. Sentenced to death for becoming a Christian, Youcef Nadarkhani, now awaits execution in Iran.
At the same time, U.S. forces and civilians in Afghanistan have been under fire for protests because of the burning of Korans by military personnel. While the United States has apologized for the Koran burnings that has not appeased the Islamic protestors. Over 30 people have been killed since the protests started in late February.
Based on this history, can we even expect an understanding to be reached between the Muslims around the world and the western world? I am not sure. But, to complete this piece, take a look at these two quotes. Osama bin Laden called on his followers in 1998, “to kill Americans and their allies, both civil and military…” and to launch attacks against the “armies of the American devils.” While bin Laden is dead, his loyal followers are not.
Bernard Lewis, the author summed it up best when he said, in an afterword to his book, “One can only hope that, in time, the cause of freedom (for all people) will triumph once again… If it does not, the outlook for the Islamic world, and perhaps for the West, will be grim.”